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高考英語經??嫉降?3個句型匯總!

句型1

would rather that somebody did…“寧愿……;更愿意……”(表示現在或將來的愿望)


would rather that somebody had done…“寧愿……;更愿意……”(表示過去的愿望)


[例句]


I‘d rather you posted the letter right now. 我想讓你現在去寄信。


I‘d rather that i hadn’t seen her yesterday. 我情愿昨天沒有看到她。

句型2

as if/though+主語+did/had done…好像……(表示現在或將來的情況用過去時;表示過去的情況用過去完成時)【參考句型4】


[例句]


Alan talked about rome as if he had been there. Alan談起羅馬來就好像他去過那里似的。

句型3

“wish +賓語從句”,表示不大 可能實現的愿望


表示現在的愿望:主語+過去時;


表示過去的愿望:主語+had done;


表示將來的愿望:主語+would/could do


[例句]


How i wish we students had more free time to relax ourselves!我們學生多么希望有更多的自由時間放松自己!

句型4

it‘s high/about time that somebody did (should do) (should通常不省略) …早就該……


[例句]


It’s high time that we did something to improve our environment. 該是我們為環保做些事情了。

句型5

情態動詞+動詞不定式完成結構的用法


could have done “本來可以……”(表示過去沒有實現的可能)。


might have done “本來可能……;本來應該或可以做某事”(實際沒有發生;含有輕微的責備語氣。


should/ought to have done “本來該做某事”(而實際未做)


should not/ought not to have done “本來不該做”(實際卻做過了,含有責備語氣)


needn’t have done “本來不必做”(但是已經做過了)


would rather have done “當時寧愿做了某事”(實際沒有做過);否定式would rather not have done表達相反意思,兩者都有表示“后悔”之意。

句型6

as, though, although引導的讓步狀語從句。


[注意]although位于句首;though位于句首或句中;as位于句中=though。它的詞序是把句中強調的形容詞、副詞、動詞或名詞放在連詞前。


[例句]


Although/though i‘m young, i already know what career i want to follow


→young as/though i am, i already know what career i want to follow.


我雖然年輕,但我已經明白我應該追隨什么樣的事業。


Strange as it may seem, nobody was injured in the accident. 這次意外雖然顯得不可思議,卻沒有人受傷。

句型7

…before…特殊用法(1)“沒來得及……就……”


[例句]


The roof fell before he had time to dash into the room to save his baby.


他還沒有來得及沖進房間救孩子,房頂就塌了。


He ran off before i could stop him. 我還沒有來得及阻止,他已經跑了。

句型8

it was + 時間段+before…?!斑^了多久才(怎么樣)……”


it was not long before…?!安痪?,就……”


it will (not) be +時間段+before…?!耙^多久(不久)……才……”(before從句謂語動詞要用一般時態)


[例句]


it was not long before he sensed the danger of the position.不久他就意識到他處境的危險。


it was five days before he came back. 五天后他才回來。

句型9

in case of…(+n.) “以防;萬一”;


in case that…“以防,萬一……”(謂語動詞用一般現在時態或should+動詞原形)


[例句]


Please remind me about it in case i forget/should forget. 萬一我忘了,請提醒我。

句型10

it強調句型


強調句的基本構成:it is/was + 被強調的部分 + who(主要指人時)/that + 其余部分


[例句1]


i saw him in the street yesterday afternoon.


→it was i who saw him in the street yesterday afternoon.(強調主語)


→it was in the street that i saw him yesterday afternoon.(強調地點狀語)


→it was yesterday afternoon that i saw him in the street.(強調時間狀語)


→it was him that/who i saw in the street yesterday afternoon.(強調賓語)

句型11

(1)、祈使句(表條件)+ or/or else/ otherwise + 主句(表結果)… “否則…,要不然…”


(2)、祈使句(表條件)+ and +主句(表結果)


[例句]


Please call me up before you come, otherwise/or else/or we might be out


你來之前打個電話,否則,我們也許會出去。


Work hard and you will make progress every day. 好好學習,天天向上。

句型12

…until…?!爸钡健瓡r候”;not…until…“直到……才……”


[例句]


You are to stay until/till your mother comes back. 你得等到你媽媽回來。


Not until all the fish died in the river did the villagers realize how serious the pollution was.(倒裝句)


等到湖里的魚全死光了,村民們才意識到污染是多么嚴重。

句型13

unless…“除非,如果不……”(=if…not)


[例句]


I shall go tomorrow unless it rains. 如果不下雨,我明天去。


I won‘t go unless he comes to invite me himself.除非他本人來邀請我,不然我是不會去的。


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